Telangana is one of the 29 states in India, located in southern India. Formed in June 2014 as the youngest state in India, from the northwestern part of the Joint State of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana has an area of 112,077 square kilometres (43,273 sq mi), and a population of 35,193,978 (2011 census). It is the twelfth largest state in India, and the twelfth most populated state in India. Its major cities include Hyderabad, Warangal, Khammam, Karimnagar and Nizamabad. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north and north west, Chhattisgarh to the north, Karnataka to the west and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south.
Telangana had a history as the Telugu-speaking region of the princely state of Hyderabad, ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad. It joined the Union of India in 1948. In 1956, the Hyderabad state was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with former Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh. Following a movement for separation, Telangana was awarded separate statehood on 2 June 2014. Hyderabad will continue to serve as the joint capital city for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana for no more than ten years.
|Area||112,077 sq km|
|Official Languages||Telugu, Urdu|
Telangana is surrounded by Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh in the North, Karnataka in the West and Andhra Pradesh in the South and East directions.
Bhonalubonalu - This Is A Festival Of Offering To Goddess Mahankali. This Folk Festival Of Bonalu Is Famous In The Telangana Region Brings An Offering To The Goddess Mahankali. The Mahankali Temple Is Located In The Busy Streets Of Secunderabad Area. The Dance Of Balancing Pots With The Colorfully Dressed Female Dancers Balancing Pots (bonalu), Step To The Rhythmic Beats And Tunes In Praise Of The Village Deity Mahankali. Male Dancers Called The Potharajus Follow The Female Dancers To The Temple Lashing Whips And Emerald Margosa Leaves Tied Around Their Waists Adding Colour To The Roaring Trumpets And Pulsating Percussion.
Batakamma Is A Special Festival Celebrated With Religious Fervour In The Telangana Region. Batakamma Means 'immortal Woman'. It Is A Month Long Festival Where Goddess Batakamma's Idol Is Worshipped And Is Made To Float On The Rivers And Lakes. Basically, This Is A Floral Festival. It Falls On 'asvija Shuddha Dasami' (september -october).this Festival Is Celebrated To Glorify Womanhood And Her Celestial Place In The Family Set Up. During These Days, Goddess 'gauri' The Patron Goddess Of Womanhood Is Worshipped By All The Women Folk With Utmost Devotion And Piety.bathukamma Procession Batakamma Or 'parvati', According To One Legend, Is A Lover Of Flowers. Flowers Are Arranged On A Square Wooden Plank Or A Square Bamboo Frame With The Size Of Frames Tapering Off To Form A Pinnacle On Top. They Resemble The Shape Of A Temple 'gopura'. A Lump Of Turmeric Is Kept On Top Of The Flowers. This Little Floral Mountain Is Worshipped As Goddess Batakamma.
Edupaayala Jaatharathis Place Is In Medak District And Is A Sacred Spot, Where The Seven Tributaries Of The Manjira Join And Flow Together. The Annual Jatara Held On Mahasivaratri Day Attracts Thousands Of Pilgrims.
Sri Sammakka & Saralamma Jatara Will Be Celebrated Once In Two Years In Medaram Village Of Tadvai Mandal Of Warangal District. This Is One Of The Most Pious, Sacred Religious Largest Tribal Gathering Festivals In The State Of Andhra Pradesh. Medaram Village Is Situated In Dense Forest Area About 104 Kms From Warangal City. There Are Two Gaddes (platforms) Separately One For Goddess "sammakka" And Other For Goddess "saralamma". Since Time Immemorial, One Tree Is Standing On Sammakka Gadde. Under This Huge Tree Lies Couple Of Wooden Poles, Which Is Considered To Be The Totemic Symbol Of Sammakka, Object Of Worship By Visitors. The Jatara Provides Not Only An Opportunity Of Interaction Between Tribals And Non Tribals Of Different Parts Of India But Also A Feeling Among Them Joining Mainstream In The Presence Of Non-tribals In The Jatara, And It Is A Symbol Of Common Bond Between Tribals And Their Belief In Cultural Heritage. The Festive Atmosphere Set In On November 14 And Would Continue Till December 13. The Period Is A Harbinger Of Happiness And Cheer.
This Festival Is Celebrated By Kolam Tribal Inhabiting Laindiguda, Utmur Taluq Adilabad District. This Falls In The Kolam Month Of Satti. Ayak Also Known As Bhimana Or Bhimdev, Is The Principal Deity Of The Kolams. He Is Represented By A Carved Wooden Mace Usually Crowned With A Bunch Of Peacock Feathers, A Pot Containing Pher Or A Belt Of Bells, Marwar Or Anklets And Small Dolls Made Of Mud. All These Are Kept In A Thatched Shed. On A Thursday, The Relies Of Bhimama Are Brought And Kept In The Heart Of The Village In A Small Green Lead Enclosure. On The First Day A Fowl Or A Goat Is Sacrificed. On The Following Day The Relics Of The Dirty Are Taken To Mohamloddi, A Hill Stream About Eighteen Kilometers From The Village For Bathing The Deity. After Bringing Back The Deity To Bath In The Evening, A Buffalo Purchased Collectively Is Sacrificed. The Sacrifices Are Done To Fulfill Their Vows. The Meat Of The Scarified Animal Is Cooked And Eaten By All The People Of The Tribe. First Meal Is Served To All The Priests. Cooked Jowar Mixed With The Food Of The Sacrificed Animals, Goes Around The Village, Small Quantities Of It On All The Cornerstones And Comes Back. The Deity Is Taken To Its Original Abode The Following Day. This Festival Lasts For Three Days. It Is Confined To Kolam Tribals Only. They Do Not Allow People Of Other Communities To Be Present At The Time Of Sacrifice.
Lambadi - Associated With Daily Tasks Harvesting, Planting, Sowing Etc., The Lambadi Is Performed By The Ganjaras, A Seminomadic Tribe Seen All Over Andhra Pradesh. Costumes Embroidered With Glass Beads And Mirrors, Ornate Jewellery, Ivory Bangles, Brass Anklets And A Natural Rhythm Make This Dance A Colourful Exposition Of Joy Which Is The Highlight Of Many A Festive Occasion. Lambada Dance Gonda - A Tribal Dance Performed By Youths, It Is A Joyous Celebration Of The Victory Of Lord Krishna And Lord Rama Over The Demons. The Festival Activities In The Telangana Are Marked By Spectacular Fireworks, And The Burning Of The Effigies Representing The Vanquished Demons.
The Language Of The People Was Dravidian, Called Telinga. Race And Language Had A Glorious History Spanning Over 1000 Years. People Had A Distinct Style Of Its Own In The Fields Of Literature, Music, Dance, Painting And Sculpture. This Culture Acted As A Bridge Between North And South. There Were Many Buddhist Monasteries Built In This Region. Despite Belonging To The Dravidian Language Family. They Have More Affinity In Customs, Traditions And Social Institutions Of Marriage And The Like With That Of Sanskrit. By Nature The Telugus Are Considered Emotional People. They Combine In Themselves The Intellectual Agnosticism Of The Tamils And The Mystical Quality Of The Bengalis, Said Sarojini Naidu. The Former State Of Hyderabad, For Example, Has A Polyglot Character Consisting Of Telugu Speaking Muslims Constituting An Influential Minority. After The Merger Of The Two Regions In 1956, Many People Migrated To Telangana From Andhra Districts, Creating New Social Tensions. As Myron Weiner Puts It, Migrations Sometimes Have Destabilizing Effects, Arousing Intense Conflicts. There Is A Healthy Mix Of Aryan And Non-aryan Traditions And Customs Here. In This Region, Customs And Practices Of Dravidian And Sanskrit Features Are Reflected. In Marriages Essentially The Form Is Vedic And Many Local Customs Found Their Place. Linking Talambralu Mangalasutra And Pouring Are Especially Andhra Customs. They Are Seen In The Descriptions Of Marriage And Ranganadharamayana Virataparva Tikkanas. Most Importantly, Cross-cousin Marriage, Which Never Had The Sanction Of The Legislators (smritikaras). This Is Purely A Dravidian And Local Custom, Which Had To Be Accepted Or Tolerated. It Was Customary To Sing Songs Favorable During The Time Of The Marriage At The Time Of The Satavahanas. Married Women In This Region Wear Rings On His Second Toe. Is Used To Apply Turmeric To The Body And Face Before Taking A Bath. He Used To Wear Saris. Men Wore Dhotis. Both Men And Women Adorned Themselves With Ornaments. Men And Women Used To Tattoo Their Bodies. This Information Is Peddannas Varudhini. Women Used To Sweep The Front Yards Of The Morning And Decorate The Floor With Powders Of Different Colors. We Found The Descriptions Of The Decor In The Mahabharata And The Nannayas Kridabhirama. During The Festivals Like Sankranti These Front Yard Decorations Became More Interesting. There Were A Variety Of These Decorations. Mango Leaves Were Tied To The Porches For Any Auspicious Occasion. Women Often Decorated With Flowers.the Men Also Used To Grow Long Hair. Is Used To Consume Betel Leaf, Which Was Called Tamboolasevanam. People Here Were Very Fond Of Intoxicating Liquors. Used To Make Their Own Booze. They Had Varied Names Depending On Quality. A Detailed Description Is In The Village Simhasanadwatrimsika Srinadha Period Lived A Luxurious Life. There Were Facilities For Supplying Water To Houses And Fountains. Their Houses Were Decorated. There Were Drawings On The Walls Of Their Bedrooms. Women Used To Wear Armbands. There Were Houses That Serve Food That Is Called Pootakulla Illusion. The Rulers Used To Visit His Lover.krishnaraya Amuktamalyada Kreedabhirama And Contain Many Interesting Pieces Of Information About The Social Life Of People.
Telangana Has Two Types Of Cuisines, The Telugu Cuisine And Hyderabadi Cuisine. Telugu Cuisine Is The Part Of South Indian Cuisine Characterized By Their Highly Spicy Food. The Telangana State Lies On The Deccan Plateau And Its Topography Dictates More Millet And Roti (leavened Bread) Based Dishes. Jowar And Bajra Features More Prominently In Their Cuisine. Due To Its Proximity With Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh And Northwest Karnataka, It Shares Some Similarities Of The Deccan Plateau Cuisine. The Region Has The Spiciest Food Amongst All Other Telugu And Indian Cuisines.telangana Has Some Unique Dishes In Its Cuisine, Such As Jonna Rotte (sorghum), Sajja Rotte (penisetum), Or Uppudi Pindi (broken Rice). In Telangana A Gravy Or Curry Is Called Koora And Pulusu (sour) In Based On Tamarind. A Deep Fry Reduction Of The Same Is Called Vepudu. Kodi Pulusu And Mamsam (meat) Vepudu Are Popular Dishes In Meat. Vankaya Brinjal Pulusu Or Vepudu, Arintikaya Banana Pulusu Or Vepudu Are One Of The Many Varieties Of Vegetable Dishes. Telangana Palakoora Is A Spinach Dish Cooked With Lentils Eaten With Steamed Rice And Rotis. Peanuts Are Added As Special Attraction And In Karimnagar District, Cashew Nuts Are Added. Sakinalu Also Called As Chakinalu, Is One Of The Most Popular Savory In Telangana, Is Often Cooked During Makara Sankranti Festival Season. This A Deep-fried Snack Made Of Rice Flour, Sesame Seeds And Flavoured With Ajwain (carom Seeds Or Vaamu In Telugu). These Savories Are Harder And Spicier Than The Andhra Varieties. Garijelu Is A Dumpling Dish Similar To The Maharashtrian Karanji, Which In Telangana Is Cooked With Sweet Stuffing Or A Savory Stuffing With Mutton Or Chicken Kheema. Double Ka Meetha Hyderabadi Cuisine, An Amalgamation Of Persian Cuisine, Mughlai, Telugu, Turkish Cuisines, Developed By The Qutb Shahi Dynasty And The Nizams Of Hyderabad. It Comprises A Broad Repertoire Of Rice, Wheat And Meat Dishes And Various Spices And Herbs. Hyderabadi Cuisine Is An Integral Part Of The Cuisines Of The Former Hyderabad State That Includes The State Of Telangana And The Regions Of Marathwada (now In Maharashtra) And Hyderabad-karanataka (now In Karnataka). The Hyderabadi Cuisine Contains City Specific Specialties Like Hyderabad (hyderabadi Biryani And Hyderabadi Haleem) And Aurangabad (naan Qalia), Gulbarga (tahari), Bidar (kalyani Biryani) And Others. The Use Of Dry Coconut, Tamarind, And Red Chillies Along With Other Spices Are The Main Ingredients That Make Hyderabadi Cuisine Different From The North Indian Cuisine.
Bidriware Is A Renowned Metal Handicraft That Derives Its Name From Bidar, Presently In Karnataka. It Was Believed To Have Originated In 14th Century Ad During The Reign Of Bahamani Sultans. The Term 'bidriware' Therefore Represents The Manufacture Of A Unique Metalware That Is Named After The Region Of Bidar. Bidriware Is An Eight-stage Process. Those Are Moulding, Smoothening By File And The Process Of Designing By Chisels. It Is Then Followed By Engraving Using Chisel And Hammer Where Pure Silver Inlaying Is Done. It Is Subjected To Smoothening Again, Followed By Buffing And Finally Oxidising By Making Use Of Soil And Ammonium Chloride. Bidriware Is Therefore Manufactured From An Alloy Of Copper And Zinc Metals, In The Ratio 1:16 By Means Of Casting. Initially The Presence Of Zinc Ushers Alloy A Deep Black Color. Firstly, A Mould Is Created Using Soil And This Is Made Malleable By Adding Castor Oil And Resin. The Molten Metal Is Later Poured To Create A Cast Piece Followed By Smoothened Through Filing. The Casting Is Further Coated With A Strong Copper Sulphate Solution To Gain A Temporary Black Coating. Then The Designs Are Etched Freehand Over This Using A Metal Stylus.this Is Eventually Secured In A Vise And The Bidri Craftsmen Make Use Of Small Chisels To Engrave The Designs Over This Freehand Etching. Fine Wire Or Even Flattened Strips Of Pure Silver Are Clearly Hammered Into The Grooves.the Item Is Then Filed And Buffed, As Well As Smoothed To Remove The Temporary Black Coating. This Results In A Silver Inlay That Is Not That Clearly Distinguishable Compared To The Gleaming Metallic Surface, Which Is Now Completely Silvery White. The Bidriware Item Is Now Completely Set For A Final Blackening Process. Here, Makers Use A Special Variety Of Soil That Is Available Only In Select Places. This Is Mixed With Ammonium Chloride And Water For Producing A Paste. The Mixture Is Further Rubbed Onto A Heated Bidri Surface That Darkens The Body Without Affecting The Silver Inlay.the Paste Is Clearly Rinsed, Revealing A Shiny Silver Design Looking Stunning And Resplendent Against The Rest Of Black Surface. The Oil Is Applied As A Finishing Touch For The Product To Strengthen The Matt Coating. The Finished Product Is Now Shining Black With A Brilliant Silver Inlay. The Makers Of Bidriware Create Designs Like Flowers, Leaves And Also Geometric Designs, Stylized Poppy Plants, Human Figures Etc. In Some Countries There Is A Great Demand For The Design Of Persian Roses And Also The Passages From The Holy Quran In The Arabic Script.bidriware Was Also Used For Making Paanholders, Hookahs, And Vases As Well As Bowls, Ornament Boxes, Earrings, Trays And Other Jewelry And Showpiece Items.
Dhokra Or Dokra, Is Also Known As Bell Metal Craft. It Is A Tribal Metal Craft Practiced In Jainoor Mandal, Adilabad District Of Telangana. The Village Is Located About 59 Km From Adilabad District Headquarters And Nearly 264 Km From Hyderabad. In Telangana, They Are Also Known As Ojjis Who Make Brass Metal Art Objects Using The Complex But The Perfect Lost Wax Technique For Casting Of The Metal.
Batik Painting Is A Highly Beautiful And An Ancient Art Form. Batik Paintings Represent A Highly Unique Form Of Art Involving Various Figures And Patterns Drawn On The Pieces Of Fabrics. These Paintings Are Believed To Have Originated In Indonesia Wherein The Original Word Referred To The Dots On Clothes.
The Nomadic Tribe Or The Banjara Are Believed To Be The Descendants Of The Gypsies Of Europe Thousands Of Years Ago Who Subsequently Settled In The Desert Areas Of Rajasthan. They Are Considered To Be Among The Most Colourful Tribes In India Owing To Their Colourful Dresses And Jewelry. This Nomadic Group Of Banjara Practice The Craft Of Banjara Tribal Embroidery As Well As Mirror Work. Originated From The Northern Part Of India, The Popular Tribe Of Banjaras Moved Towards The Deccan Plateau In South India In 17th Century During The Reign Of Aurangzeb, A Mughal Emperor. They Are Now Widely Spread Over Deccan Plateau, And They Live In Small Villages Which Are Known Locally As "tandas". Fine Clothes And Tribal Jewellery Ushers Beauty For The Banjara Women Who Wear Their Cherished Jewellery In All Its Finery. Banjara Women Wear Colourful Ghaghras, Cholis, And Odnis With Bold Mirrors And Applique Work. Banjara Embroidery Is Known For Its Exclusive Vibrancy In Terms Of The Colors And The Use Of Other Articles Like Coins, Woolen Tassels, Cowrie Shells, Beads, Mirror, Cotton And Others As Embellishments