Arunachal Pradesh is one of the twenty-nine states of India, Located in northeastern region of the nation.It holds the distinction of being the north-eastern most state of the country. Arunachal Pradesh borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south, and shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east and China in the north. Itanagar is the capital of the state. Arunachal Pradesh is claimed by the PRC and ROC since 1980's, though they occupied and withdrew after 1962 war.
Larger part of the state is disputed as China claims it to be a part of southern Tibet as the legitimacy of the Simla Accord signed by Tibet and India is not recognized by the China. The state has huge potential for hydropower.
Land of the Dawn-Lit Mountains is the sobriquet for the state in Sanskrit, is also known as the Orchid State of India or the Paradise of the Botanists. Geographically, it is the largest of the North-eastern states known as the Seven Sisters. As in other parts of Northeast India, the people native to the state trace their origins to the Tibeto-Burman people.
Arunachal Pradesh has the highest number of regional languages in the Indian subcontinent.
|Area||83,743 sq km|
|Capital||Guwahati (Judiciary), Itanagar|
|Population||1.255 million (2012)|
|Official Languages||English , Hindi|
Arunachal Pradesh is one of the twenty-nine states of India, Located in northeastern region of the nation.It holds the distinction of being the north-eastern most state of the country.
The Siang River Festival Is Held To Celebrate The Communal Harmony In Arunachal Pradesh. Earlier This Festival Was Celebrated In The Form Of Brahmaputra Darshan Festival In Tezu And Pasighat But Since The Year 2005, The Festival Is Celebrated As Siang River Festival In Places Like Tuting, Yingkiong And Pasighat In The Month Of December Each Year. It Is One Of The Most Popular Festivals In Arunachal Pradesh And Is An Attempt To Promote Eco-tourism And Offer A Lot Of Adventure And Fun Activities Like Elephant Race, Traditional Boat Race, Didi - The Mock War Game Of Mishmis, River Rafting, Food Festivals, Folk Dances, Cultural Shows, Hot Air Balloon & Para Gliding And Exhibition Of Local Model House. Apart From This An Exhibition Of Handloom And Handicrafts By The Different Districts Is Also Held.
This Is A Modern Day Winter Festival Which Started In The Year 2007 And Since Then Has Been Gaining A Lot Of Popularity In The State. This Festival Is Celebrated In Nampong Which Is Situated In Changlang District Of Arunachal Pradesh. Pangsua Pass Winter Festival (ppwf) Is A Three-day Fest That Takes Place In The Month Of January Each Year. At This Festival, The People Of Arunchal Pradesh Celebrate Their Extravagant Ethnicity And Perform Folk Dances And Sing Folk Songs. Also, Handicraft And Handloom Articles From Different Parts Of The State Are Put Up For Exhibition. Along With Displaying The Variety Of Culture And Tradition Of Arunachal, Ppwf Offers A Platform For The Neighbouring Country Of Myanmar To Exhibit Its Culture As Well. The Festival Conjoins The Tribes Of Both North East And Myanmar And Gives Them The Opportunity To Showcase Their Culture And Traditions To Each Other.
This Festival Is Arunachal's Own Version Of The Sunburn Festival. Ziro Festival Of Music Is The Biggest Outdoor Music Festival In The State And Is The Most Happening Event In Arunachal Pradesh As Well. Music Lovers From All Over The State And The North East Region Gather At Ziro, Where This Festival Takes Place. It Is A Four-day Festival Where The Music Lovers Enjoy The Performances Of International And Domestic Music Artists. Folk Acts From All Across The North East Are Also Organized; Therefore It Is A Good Opportunity To Learn About The Different Cultures Here. People Make Merry And Spend Four Unforgettable Days At The Ziro Festival Of Music.
An Agriculture Festival, Solung Is Celebrated In The Month Of Monsoon (july /august). This 10 Days Festival Is Amongst The Most Famous Festivals In North East India, Especially Celebrated By The Adi Community In West Siang District, East Siang District, Lower Dibang Valley District, Upper Dibang Valley District And Upper Siang District Of Arunachal Pradesh. The Date For The Festival Is Different Each Year And Is Decided By Kebang Or The Village Council Keeping The Convenience Of The Villagers In Mind And Once The Date Is Fixed The Preparation Of The Local Beer Apong Starts. On The First Day, The Indian Bison Along With Pigs Are Slaughtered In The Early Hours Of The Morning. On The Second Day, 1/3rd Of The Meat Is Distributed Among The Relatives; Also A Grand Dinner Feast Is Arranged For Neighbours, Women And Children. On The Fourth Day Of The Festival Which Is Also Called The Oinnyad, One Of Family Member Goes To The Field And Sacrifices A Fowl Especially For 'kine Nane'. On The Seventh Day Or Ekob, Men Assemble At The Village Dormitory Known As 'mosup' To Make Bows And Arrows, Which Are Then Fastened On The Doors Of Every House In The Village. On The Tenth And Final Day Of The Festival, Village People Uproot The Weak Plants Of Paddy That Get Spoiled By Worms And Insects And This Process Is Known As Irni. This Act Is Done In The Hope That 'kine Nane' (the Goddess) Will Drive Away The Worms And Insects Out Of The Fields
Nyokum Is The Festival Of The Nyishi Tribe And Is Celebrated For The Harmony And Prosperity Of The People. Nyokum Is Celebrated On The 28th Of February Every Year In East Kemang District, Lower Subansiri District, Kurung Kummey District And Papumpar District. The Term Nyokum Came From Two Words From The Native Dialect And Can Be Broken As Nyok Meaning Land And Kum Meaning People. It Is A 2-day Festival In Which The Nyishi Tribe Enjoys Singing, Dancing And Gathering Up. Men And Women Hold Hands And Form A Circle To Perform A Traditional Dance. The Major Rituals Are Performed By The High Priest And Prayers Are Offered To The Spirits To Bring Tranquility And Prosperity To Each Household.
Broadly, There Are Three Cultural Groups Known For Their Distinct Socio-religious Practices. The First Group Includes The Monpas And Sherdukpens Of Tawang And West Kameng Districts. They Follow The Lamaistic Tradition Of Mahayana Buddhism. The Second Group Forms With The People Of Adis, Mishmis, Bangnis, Akas, Apatanis, Thongsas, Nishis, Mijis, Among Others Who Worship Sun And Moon God. The Third Group Comprises Of People Of The Noctes And Wanchos Tribal Communities. They Are Mostly Found In The Tirap District. The People Have Their Strict Village Society Headed By A Hereditary Chief Who Plays Significant Role In Varied Situations. The Noctes Are Followers Of An Elementary Form Of Vaishnavism.
The Wancho Tribe Of Arunachal Pradesh Celebrates Wancho Dance. The Dance Is Performed Only In Festivals And Ceremonies. The Wancho Dance Is Performed Inside The House Of Chief Authority. The Male-folk, Youths And Adults Take Part In The Dance. The Male Performers Sing Song And Take Short Steps With Their Right Foot Towards Right. They Also Deck Themselves With Cane Baskets That Hang Behind Them. The Menfolk Wear Special Dresses. They Wear Anklets Of Straw And Girdles And A Band Of Cowries On Their Shank. They Also Wear Woolen Threads Of Ear Plugs On Their Ears And Head Dresses.
The Khampti Dance Is Also Known As Kapung, Which Literary Means A Story That Is Depicted Through Dances. The Khampti Peoples Perform The Khampti Dance. It Is One Kind Of A Folk Dance. This Dance Is Performed During The Religious Festivals. The Dance Unfolds The Myths And Stories Of Moral Values. Khampti Dance Is Generally Perform In The Monasteries. The Dancers Are Invited By The Wealthy People To Perform In Their Courtyard.
The Buiya Dance Is Performed By The Digaru Mishmi People. It Is Performed For Entertainment And Performed During The Duiya, Tanuya And Tazampu Festival. The Dance Brings Prosperity And Vitality Among The Tribe. There Are No Limits Of Age Of The Participants For The Dance. This Dance Does Not Need Any Traditional Wear. Participants Wear Usual Dress For The Dance. Participants Play Musical Instruments Like Drum, Gong And Cymbals.
The Adi Tribe Performs The Ponung Dance. The Ponung Dance Is Accompanied By Song. Both Men And Women Participates In The Dance. It Is Organized In All The Major Occasions In The Region. The Boys And Girls Form In Separate Groups. The Girls Dance In A Circle By Holding Each Other. A Man Generally Called Miri Dances And Sings Around The Circle. He Also Play Musical Instrument.
The Dishes Typical Of The Indian State Of Arunachal Pradesh Vary Within The Region, Including According To Tribal Influence (with The Influence Of Apatanis, Chuki, Adi And Nishi)
Apong Or Rice Beer Made From Fermented Rice Or Millet Is A Popular Beverage In Arunachal Pradesh, As An Alcoholic Drink. There Are Different Varieties Of Rice Beer With Different Flavours. Thukpa Is Another Traditional Dish Common Among "monpa" A Tribe Of Arunachal.
The Staple Food Is Rice Along With Fish, Meat And Many Green Vegetables. Different Varieties Of Rice Are Available. Lettuce Is The Most Common And Preferred Vegetable Of All, Prepared By Boiling It With Ginger, Coriander And Green Chillies And Pinch Of Salt. Boiled Rice Cakes Wrapped In Leaves Is A Famous Snack.
The Momos Are Also Popular. Dishes In Eastern Districts Like Tirap And Changlang Have Some Different Method In Their Way Of Food Preparation.
He Unique, And Artistic Indigenous Wood Carving Articles Are Available Of Tirap, Upper & West Siang, Lohit And Tawang. 1. It Is Practiced By Very Limited Artisans / Craftsman Of The Above Mentioned Districts, Both Passed Out Trainees Form The Deptt. Craft Center As Well As Traditional Artisans. 2. The Main Raw-materials Used Are Locally Available Wood. Wooden Carving 3. Traditional Male And Female Wooden Figure Are Depicted As Main Subject, Warriors / Head Hunters Are Popular In Tirap District Wood Carving, Originally Such Wood Carvings Were Used To Decorate "morang" (youths Dormitory ) & Modernized As Decorative Collection Items Where As Different Types Of Wooden Musk And Goddess Figure Are Depicted As Main Subject Considering The Cultural & Religious Value, Which Are Popular In The District Of Upper And East Siang , Lohit & Tawang. Mother And Child - Wooden Carving 4. Being Promoted Through Govt. Craft Centres With Provision For Training. Passed Out Trainees Are Engaged As Production Worker In Departmental Promotional Schemes.
Beads Ornaments Of Various Types Are Found In All Over Arunachal Pradesh . However Weaving Or Decorating Small Beads Ornament Are Predominatory Found In Tirap District. The Unique Beads Ornaments And Grass Necklece Products Are Mainly Available In Tirap & Changlang Districts Which Signify Higher Cultural And Traditional Value. The Beads Ornaments Making Practiced By Women Folk , The Main Raw-material Used In "grass Beads" Of Very Higher Quality Normally Imported From Other Country . All Type Of Ornaments Viz. Necklace Wrist Band, Waist Band , Head Gear, Earring Are Made With Beautiful Geometrical Pattern Used Both By Male And Female. Being Promoted Through Govt. Craft Centres While Provision For Training And Passed Out Trainees Are Engaged As Production Worker.