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List of State in Central India

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Kolkata at a glance

Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly river, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port as well as its sole major riverine port. As of 2008, its economic output as measured by gross domestic product ranked third among South Asian cities, behind Mumbai and Delhi. As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Kolkata confronts substantial urban pollution, traffic congestion, poverty, overpopulation, and other logistic and socioeconomic problems.

In the late 17th century, the three villages that predated Kolkata were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal suzerainty. After the Nawab granted the East India Company a trading license in 1690, the area was developed by the Company into an increasingly fortified mercantile base. Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah occupied Kolkata in 1756, and the East India Company retook it in the following year and by 1772 assumed full sovereignty. Under East India Company and later under the British Raj, Kolkata served as the capital of India until 1911, when its perceived geographical disadvantages, combined with growing nationalism in Bengal, led to a shift of the capital to New Delhi. The city was a centre of the Indian independence movement; it remains a hotbed of contemporary state politics. Following Indian independence in 1947, Kolkata—which was once the centre of modern Indian education, science, culture, and politics—witnessed several decades of relative economic stagnation. Since the early 2000s, an economic rejuvenation has led to accelerated growth.

As a nucleus of the 19th- and early 20th-century Bengal Renaissance and a religiously and ethnically diverse centre of culture in Bengal and India, Kolkata has established local traditions in drama, art, film, theatre, and literature that have gained wide audiences. Many people from Kolkata—among them several Nobel laureates—have contributed to the arts, the sciences, and other areas, while Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum, and the National Library of India. Though home to major cricketing venues and franchises, Kolkata differs from other Indian cities by giving importance to association football and other sports.


  • Area 1,887 sq km
    Population 1,46,17,882
    Winter Temperature 9C - 11C
    Summer Temperature 27C - 38C
    Best Time To Visit October - March is the best time to visit.
  • Air

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    The airport in Kolkata is situated at Dumdum, around 17 km northeast of the city center. Most of the domestic airlines have direct services to and from Kolkata to other important cities of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Patna, Varanasi, Lucknow, etc. Kolkata provides direct flights to most of the countries in the Southeast Asia.

  • Rail

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    The city has two major railway terminals-one at Howrah and the other one at Sealdah.
    Trains from the other parts of the country connect Kolkata. Super-fast trains such as Rajdhani Express, Shatabdi Express & Duranta Express connect the city to Delhi and other major cities.

  • Road

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    Kolkata is connected with most of the Indian cities by road. The Esplanade Terminus in the heart of the city is the main bus terminus. A new development is the starting of the Dhaka-Kolkata bus service.

  • Indian Museum

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    The largest museum in the country was constructed in 1878. Prior to that the museum was located at the Asiatic Society building. The museum has now over sixty galleries of art, archaeology, anthropology, geology, zoology and botany sections, spreading over ten thousand square feet area.
    Timings: Tue-Sun 10am - 5pm (Monday closed)
    Entrance fee Rs.10 (Rs.150 for foreigner)

  • Dakshineswar Temple

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    Located on the bank of the river Ganga near Bally Bridge, Dakshineswar Temple remains as one of the most important Hindu temple in Kolkata. The main temple houses an idol of Goddess Kali on a silver lotus with thousand petals. There are twelve spires known as Navratna Temple and a courtyard surrounded by 12 other temples dedicated to Lord Siva. Shri Shri Ramakrishna, the great 19th century religious personality attained enlightenment in this temple. There is a congregation of 5 ancient trees known as Panchavati, a spot for meditation. The temple is full of memoirs of Ramakrishna and his wife Sarada Devi. On an average, over 40,000 people visit this temple every day.

  • Belur Math

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    This magnificent temple located on the bank of river Ganges is the head quarter of the Ramakrishna Mission. It was conceptualized by Swami Vivekananda, the illustrious disciple of Ramakrishna Paramhansa. The construction took four years and was completed on 1899. The temple building is one of the finest specimens of temple architecture in India. The display includes Swami Vivekananda's room, meditation bed, belongings etc. From the temple, one can have a panoramic view of the holy river Ganges.
    Timing: 8am - 11:30am & 4pm - 7:30pm

  • Kalighat Temple

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    The temple is believed to be 350 years old. The earliest mention of Kalighat is found in 'Ain-i-Akbari' (a historical document written during the time of Mughal Emperor Akbar) in the 16th century. Kalighat is the temple of Goddess 'Kali', the deity of power.
    The temple was rebuilt in 1809 and renovated in 1971. A black stone idol of Goddess Kali decorated with gold and silver ornaments is ensconced here.

  • Marble Palace

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    Local landlord Rajendra Mullick built this palace in 1855 using Italian marble.The palace has an interior courtyard, complete with a throne room. The building has paintings of Rubens, Reynolds.
    Entrance Fee: FREE but you must obtain a permit from West Bengal Tourism Office.
    Timings: 10am-04pm (except Monday and Thursday)

  • Nakhoda Mosque

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    This is the largest mosque in Kolkata. The mosque was built in 1926 by a merchant from Kutch named Abdur Rahim. The red sandstone building with two 46 meter high minarets and a brightly painted magnificent dome displays Indo-Saracenic architectural style. The structure was modeled on Akbar's tomb in Sikandara near Agra.
    The mosque is located in Chitpore area and can accommodate 10,000 people.

  • St. Paul’s Cathedral

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    When first built in 1847 by Bishop Wilson, this was the first Episcopal Cathedral Church in the eastern world. The Indo-Gothic style structure was severely damaged in earthquakes and was redesigned and rebuilt in 1938 replicating Bell Harry Tower of Canterbury Cathedral. The cathedral has many rare paintings and antique books. The interior is decorated with mosaic panels, stained glass windows, beautifully carved wooden pews, intricate artwork on walls and two marvelous Florentine frescoes. The church is 201 feet high.

  • Victoria Memorial

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    Victoria Memorial was built between 1906 and 1921 in the memory of Queen Victoria. It's foundation stone was laid by Prince of Wales(George V) on January 4th, 1906, and was inaugurated by Prince of Wales(King Edward VIII) on 28 December 1921. This majestic while marble palace is located in southern part of the Maidan. The area comprises of 64 acres of land with gardens, pool and walk trails. The building covers 338 feet by 228 feet of land and the highest point is about 184 feet above the ground with a black bronze angel holding a bugle in her hand. The statue is about five meters tall, weighs 3,500 kg and rotates when the wind speed is high enough. Currently the memorial building serves as a museum. The building has galleries with paintings, portraits of eminent personalities, documents witnessing the city's history during the British period.
    Timings: 5:30am - 7:00pm. The museum: 10:00am - 7:00pm
    Tickets: Rs.4 per person for entering into the premises. For the museum or inside the building Rs.10 per person.

  • Writer’s Building

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    Also known as 'Mahakaran' in Bengali, this building houses the State Secretariat and is the official address of the Chief Minister of West Bengal. The Writers Building got it's name for being the dwelling place of the junior servants (who were also called as writers) of the East India Company during the early British era; since late 19th century the building started hosting the office of the Bengal Secretariat. The original building was constructed in 1779; the current red brick style structure was completed during the time of Lt. Governor Ashley Eden in 1882. The total area consists of 10 acres of land and thirteen four storied buildings. The building epitomizes the political revolution of Bengal.

  • Birla Planetarium

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    Inaugurated in 1963, Birla Planetarium was the first of it's kind in India. The Planetarium owns an astronomical observatory equipped with a Celestron C-14 Telescope.
    The central dome has a diameter of 27 meter. The building is modeled after the Buddhist Stupa at Sanchi. The central hall can accommodate 500 people which hosts daily shows in English, Hindi and Bengali.
    Timings: 12-7pm (closed Monday)
    Entrance fee Rs.15

  • Academy of Fine Arts

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    Established in 1933, the Academy of Fine Arts holds impressive collection of Indian art. Majority of the pieces have been donated by Lady Ranu Mukherjee from her personal collection. The collection includes rare paintings of Rabindranath Tagore, Jamini Roy, contemporary Indian art, mediaeval Bengal and Indian textiles, sculptures, miniature paintings, manuscripts. There is a room dedicated to Rabindranath Tagore which displays some of his personal belongings. The auditorium hosts group theatres, dance programs and various cultural shows throughout the year.
    Art Galleries: Daily open 3-8 pm except national holidays.
    Museum: Daily 12-7 pm except Monday.
    Entry Fee: Rs.5

  • Asiatic Society

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    Located in the intersection of Park Street and Chowranghee, Asiatic Society was formed in 1784 by Sir William Jones and a group of Europeans with Warren Hastings as it's first patron. The library inside has approximately 149,000 volumes including 8,000 rare Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian and Hindi manuscripts. It is also rich with archaeological relics, geological and ethnological specimens. The rooms of the society contain valuable work of art, including original paintings by Reubens, Guiles, Reynolds and others. The library also has an interesting collection of manuscripts, coins, inscriptions and engravings. The Ashokan rock edict is a unique item here.
    Timing: Mon-Fri 10:30am - 6pm

  • Eden Garden

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    The Eden Garden Cricket Stadium was built in 1864 and is the second largest stadium in the world behind Melbourne Cricket Ground in Australia. The stadium in the recent years has undergone renovation work. This cricket stadium has been host to a number of great cricket games that have made mark in the history of cricket. The first ODI was played in the year 1987 and the first test match was played in 1934. The test match was against Douglas Jardine's MCC. The ground is home to The Bengal Cricket.

  • Botanical Garden

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    It is one of the oldest botanical gardens in India. The place is located around 8 kms from the Calcutta City. One of the major attractions of this garden is the famous Giant Banyan Tree, which is said to be around 2 centuries old. Botanical Garden was developed by the East India Company in the year 1787. The place has a variety of plants, palms and orchids that would take you close to nature. One would also come across rare trees and plants. The place has a library where one would get a huge collection of botany books. In the year 1793 William Roxburg, a botanist, brought plants from all over the country and formed herbarium. This herbarium is now The Central National Herbarium of Botanical Survey of India.

  • Howrah Bridge

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    It is not often that a certain landmark becomes the very identity of the entire city. The Howrah Bridge or the Rabindra Setu, also termed as the gateway of Kolkata, is one such structure which due to its grandeur and majestic appeal has been the face of Kolkata for over a century. Constructed on the river Hoogly, the bridge connects the city to the Howrah district and effectively the Eastern part of the country.

    This steel structure is 705m long and boasts of 8 lanes collectively 97m wide. Reportedly over one lakh different vehicles and 2 million commuters traverse the bridge to either direction every day. The ships and boats often enter the Kolkata harbor after traveling under the bridge. Recently it has been illuminated and is a sight to behold during evenings.

  • Tagore House (Jorasanko)

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    It is not often that a certain landmark becomes the very identity of the entire city. The Howrah Bridge or the Rabindra Setu, also termed as the gateway of Kolkata, is one such structure which due to its grandeur and majestic appeal has been the face of Kolkata for over a century. Constructed on the river Hoogly, the bridge connects the city to the Howrah district and effectively the Eastern part of the country.

    This steel structure is 705m long and boasts of 8 lanes collectively 97m wide. Reportedly over one lakh different vehicles and 2 million commuters traverse the bridge to either direction every day. The ships and boats often enter the Kolkata harbor after traveling under the bridge. Recently it has been illuminated and is a sight to behold during evenings.

  • Mother House

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    The Mother House on AJC Bose Road is the place where Mother Teresa lived while serving those in need in Kolkata. The Mother House belongs to the Missionaries of Charity, the organization set up by her. It houses a small museum, which displays her belongings. Even the room used by her is preserved for display. And of course, visitors who wish to do so are able to pay respects to her tomb, which is also located here.
    Time: 8:00am - noon and 3:00pm - 6:00pm (Thursday closed); prayers 4:30pm Fri; volunteer briefings 3:00pm Mon, Wed and Friday

  • Netaji Bhawan

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    Netaji Research Bureau, in the Netaji Bhawan in Kolkata, has established the Netaji Museum in 1961. Sarat Chandra Bose dedicated this house on 23rd Jan 1947 for nation’s service. This is a completely organized biographical museum, dedicated to the life of Netaji with a huge quantity of materials related to him. The museum has things collected from all over the world that has connections with Netaji. Netaji has always been the curiosity of the people firstly due to his contributions and secondly due to his mysterious disappearance, which has, many myths associated with him. Hence this house has been attracting large crowd of people since the day it was opened to the public as the house. The house is overwhelmed with visitors, during Netaji Birthday week, in January.

  • Hogg Market

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    Popularly known as the New Market, it is placed inside the large red brick building in the Esplanade. One can look for various traditional delicacies of Kolkata and different traditional handicrafts of the region, such as pottery, jewelry, garments and items of daily use.

  • Maidan Market

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    As the name suggests, this huge market is placed on the Bentinck Street. Here, one can get all kinds of sports equipment, imaginable, in the ‘City of Joy’. The market is open throughout the week and one can get numerous kinds of bats as well as balls, along with a good variety of nets and goals. Sports specific shoes and attires can also be found here.

  • Burrabazar Market

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    This market is placed on the MG Road of Kolkata and has the distinction of being the oldest wholesale/retail market of this city. If one is looking to buy products, such as textiles, cereals, food grains, spices, dry fruits, edible oils, sugar, salt and other groceries at wholesale prices, this is the place to drop in at.

  • Dakshinapan Market

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    This is an elaborate multistory marketplace that houses various state emporiums from where you can get genuine handlooms, textiles, handicrafts, imitation jewelry, fancy goods, etc. The market is located adjoining the Nazrul Mancha, near the Dhakuria flyover.

  • Gariahat Market

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    If one in adept in the art of bargaining, then this is the market to visit, where all items, right from textiles to readymade garments and electronic gadgets can be found under one roof at negotiable prices. Besides this, the makeshift shops located on the sidewalks give it an old world charm. It is placed on Rash Behari Avenue and Gariahat Road Crossing.

  • College Street Market

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    This market is also known as the BOI PARA (Book Market) and is a testament to the widespread reading culture of the people of this city. This market is a paradise for book worms, as most of the book shops and book publishers of the region have their outlets here. Other than this, one can also buy leather goods, footwear, saris, musical instruments, etc. from here. As the name foretells, the market is placed at College Street.

  • Other Popular Markets

    Hatibagan Market, Vardhan Market, Bagri Market, Bowbazar Market, Chandni Market, China Bazar, Fancy Market, Lansdowne Market, Koley Market.

  • Shopping Malls

    Shreeram Arcade, Treasure Island, Simpark Mall, South City, City Centre, City Centre 2, Money Square, Quest Mall, Lake Mall, Avani Mall Howrah, Gariahat Mall, Metro Plaza.

  • Peter Cat

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    Continental, North Indian.
    Address : 18A, Park Street.
    Phone: 033 22298841, 033 40017299

  • Bar-B-Q

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    Chinese, North Indian
    Address: 43, 47, 55, Park Street
    Phone: 033 30288689, 033 22299916

  • Arsalan

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    Biryani, Mughlai, North Indian
    Address: 191, Marina Garden Court, Park Street
    Phone: 033 22848556, 033 22844010

    Address: 28, Circus Avenue, Park Circus Area
    Phone: 09007007921, 033 22900487

    Address: 138, Bidhan Sarani, Hatibagan
    Phone: 033 25540393, 033 25540397

    Address: 23A/29N/2, DH Road, Opposite Kolkata Mint, Tara Tala
    Phone: 033 23975046, 033 23975047

    Address: 119 A, Muzaffar Ahmed Street (Ripon Street), Mirza Ghalib Street Crossing, Wellesley
    Phone: 033 22277493, 033 22277494

  • Mainland China

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    Chinese
    Address: 313, 3rd Floor, South City Mall, Prince Anwar Shah Road.
    Phone: 033 24225332, 033 24225330

    Address: Uniworth House, 3 A, Gurusaday Road, Ballygunge
    Phone: 033 22837964, 033 22837965

    Address: 3rd Floor, Silver Arcade, 5, JBS Haldane Avenue, E M Bypass
    Phone: 033 22517034, 033 22517035

    Address: 3rd Floor, Avani River Side Mall, 32, Jagat Banerjee Ghat Road, Shibpur
    Phone: 033 26780290, 033 26780308

  • 6 Ballygunge Place

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    Bengali, North Indian
    Address: 6, Ballygunge Place
    Phone: 033 24603922, 9903975614

    Address: DD 31A, Sector 1, Salt Lake
    Phone: 033 23372120, 9748606000

    Address: 37/1, Rajdanga Main Road, Kasba
    Phone: 033 65004004, 08334828887

    Address: 1st Floor, Behala AC Market, 21(4), Souren Roy Road, Behala
    Phone: 033 65003003, 8334828886

  • Oh! Calcutta

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    Bengali, Sea Food
    Address: 10/3, 4th Floor, Forum Mall, Elgin Road
    Phone: 033 22837161, 033 22837162

    Address: 3rd Floor, Silver Arcade, 5 JBS Halden Avenue, E M Bypass
    Phone: 033 22517036, 033 22517037

  • Tung Fong

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    Chinese
    Address: 25 B, Ground Floor, Karnani Mansion, Free School Street, Park Street
    Phone: 033 22174969, 033 22174989

  • Amber

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    Continental, North Indian
    Address: 11, Waterloo Street, Esplanade
    Phone: 033 22486520, 033 22486746

  • Bhojohori Manna

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    Bengali
    Address: 18/1A, Hindustan Road, Near Rash Behari Avenue

    Address: CF 206, Sector 1, Salt Lake

    Address: 79/3/4, Star Theatre, Bidhan Sarani, Hatibagan

    Address: 11A, Esplanade East, Beside KC Das

    Address: City Mall, 1/3, Dakbungalow More, Jessore Road

    Address: 9/18, Ekdalia Road, Gariahat

    Address: Plot 11 & 12, EP Block, Globsyn Complex, Sector 5, Salt Lake

    Address: 23 A, Priyanath Mullick Road, Hazra

    Address: Unit P 33, Gate 2, Phase I, Kasba Industrial Estate
    Phone: 033 66064206

  • Tero Parbon

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    Bengali
    Address: 49 C, Purna Das Road, Near Hindustan Park
    Phone: 033 24632016, 033 24640199

  • Aaheli - The Peerless Inn

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    Bengali
    Address: Peerless Inn Hotel, 12, Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Esplanade
    Phone: 033 44003900, 033 22280301

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